In America, many are raving for a low-carb diet that promotes the motto “little carbohydrates-unlimited fat “: The South Beach Diet. German “grease eye counters ,” which recommend unlimited pasta, rice and potatoes, may now also be distressed. But even this diet form only succeeds if attention is paid to the type of fat. This reduces the supposedly new South Beach diet to an old hat: The Mediterranean diet.
Diet without carbohydrates
The new “fat wave” finds its origin in cardiologist Robert Atkins ‘ diet, developed in 1972. He proclaimed that the superfluous pounds are best melted if you eat as much eggs and meat as you like, but refrain from all carbohydrate-containing foods. Although ‘ fat guru ‘ Atkins weighed just under 117 kilos-at 1.80 height-shortly before his death last year, the diet still finds followers.
South Beach Diet: “good ” and “bad ” fat
Cardiologist Arthur Agatson modified the Atkins diet, making it a huge success in a group of heart sufferers. The “low-carb wave ” was born. Unlike Atkins, he distinguished between good fats and bad fats. While vegetable oils, especially olive oil and nuts are allowed, animal fats remain damned-except fish oil fat.
Another difference from Atkins: Not all carbohydrates are to be shunned, but products made from white extract flour such as bread and pasta, potatoes or sugary foods. On the other hand, fruit, vegetables, legumes and whole grains, which also contain carbohydrates, are permitted. The “South Beach Diet ,” which originates from Miami, is divided into three phases: Only in the first phase should baked goods, potatoes, pasta, rice, fruit, sweets, ice cream, fruit juices or alcohol be strictly avoided.
Mediterranean diet as a precursor
The “Mediterranean diet ” has been a household name for a long time. It has a high fat content, which is mainly due to the generous use of olive oil. An important part of Mediterranean cuisine are vegetables and fish as well as meat in moderation. Only difference: Fruit and pasta. Especially “heart-refreshing ” also has the fat from fish such as mackerel, salmon, herring or tuna. It contains omega-3 fatty acids that keep blood flow in the body in flux.
The benefits of the South Beach diet:
- Fat saturates and also makes unpopular foods, such as vegetables, tastier
- Insulin levels will not be changed
- It contains a lot of vegetable but little animal fats
- It contains a lot of vegetables (keyword vitamins, bioactive ingredients, fiber)
- It contains a lot of fish (keyword: Iodine and omega-3 fatty acids, which have a prophylactic effect against cardiovascular diseases)
- Sweets and white flour products (bread, pasta) are avoided
The downsides of the South Beach diet:
- Nutrient-rich and long-filling foods such as potatoes or rice are avoided
- Fruit and 100% juice are to be excluded, particularly in Phase 1. However, they contain many vitamins and bioactive ingredients
- When legumes and whole grains are omitted, for example in Phase 1 of the diet, the important fibre is missing
- Fat contains the most calories of all nutrients. As a whole, it is more likely to eat less
Quite unlike the Atkins diet, there are no objections to the South Beach diet unless it is exaggerated. In its most extreme form (Phase 1), however, it is only recommended in the short term. However, it is no longer very different from general dietary recommendations.